The National Institute for Astrophysics (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica – INAF) is the Italian public research organization that promotes, performs and coordinates astrophysics and astronomy research in Italy and cooperates with universities and other national and international organizations. INAF has approximately 1000 permanent staff, about 600 are researchers, plus more than 500 postdoctoral, graduate students, fellows and collaborators are involved in INAF research activities.
INAF is articulated into 17 research structures distributed all over the country, plus a number of observing facilities and infrastructures in Italy and abroad: the National Telescope Galileo (TNG), located in La Palma, Canary Islands, the Large Binocular Telescope in Arizona, the Sardinia RadioTelescope (SRT). Moreover, INAF is directly involved in major astrophysical scientific and technological research programmes, also in collaboration with the most important European (ESO, ESA, etc.) and international (NASA, etc.) research bodies, agencies, or universities. INAF participates in many space astrophysical programmes (National, European, and International), which include: eliophysics; Solar System exploration and study; stars, stellar population, interstellar matter and the Galaxy; galaxies; relativistic astrophysics; astroparticles; cosmology.